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Increased co-publication with the United States and Canada

A new bibliometric study shows that co-publication between Norwegian researchers and colleagues in USA and Canada has more than doubled from 2003 to 2010.

These findings are presented in a report published by the Research Council of Norway.

The report shows that cooperation and co-publication pay off for Norwegian researchers as well as their North American partners. “Cooperation raises the quality and impact of the research,” says Berit Johne, special adviser for North America cooperation in the Research Council.

One third of co-published papers
The bibliometric data indicate that the US is partner in one fourth of Norwegian international collaborations. The number of co-publications in 2010 was 1 700, corresponding to 25.8% of Norway’s co-publications with international partners.
Scientific collaboration with Canada has shown an even more marked increase during the period. The 510 co-published papers in 2010 constitute 7.9% of Norway’s international co-publication, bringing co-publication with North America up to approximately one third of all Norwegian researchers’ co-published papers for the year.

Wide variety of topics
Collaboration network maps show that Norway cooperates with outstanding institutions in the USA and Canada, particularly within the topics of biomedicine, energy, physics, fisheries and the environment. Top institutions on the East coast and in California dominate in the US, alongside the Universities of Minnesota og Wisconsin – two very “Norwegian” states.

In Canada top universities from east to west collaborate with Norwegian institutions. Positional analyses and the specialisation index show – not surprisingly – that Norway’s research profile has many features in common with Canada’s: Aquaculture, climate and polar research are all very strong fields.

Science Week to enhance cooperation
The annual Transatlantic Science Week was established to enhance cooperation between Norwegian and North American researchers and institutions. This year, the conference will take place from 25-28 October in California, with venues located at UC Berkeley and Stanford University, as well as site visits to innovative industries in Silicon Valley. (see link to registration and program).

The recently published bibliometric study documents the large extent of collaboration between Norwegian researchers and research groups and significant institutions in California.

Basis for action plan
The newly-published report will form part of the basis for a new action plan for research collaboration with North America.

During a US-Norway ministerial S&T meeting recently, it was confirmed that co-publication between Norwegian and American researchers yields papers with a higher citation index and impact factor than the institution average also for the American partner institutions involved.

“There are still several aspects of co-publication that we would like to study more closely, such as the diversity of collaboration with a number of smaller North American institutions, and more about specific fields, topics and individual researchers,” says Berit Johne

The wider international perspective
The report also includes some indicators related to China. “We want to view our bilateral cooperation with North America as part of a larger context, and China’s share of the global scientific production is showing a steep increase. The number of papers with Norwegian and Chinese co-authorship was 370 in 2010, and approximately 100 of those involved US institutions as well,” states Dr Johne. “It will be interesting to follow how Norway’s collaboration with attractive North American institutions can also be a driving force for broader internationalisation in science,” she concludes.
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